With automotive supply chains stabilising, focus on sustainability expected to rise back up automakers’ agendas
While sustainability and the circular economy are key components of the supply chains of the future, less than half of organisations have deployed initiatives in the past 12 months, and only 13% of these are being actively scaled.
- Auto organisations are more confident to tackle future supply chain disruptions, having slashed backlog orders by 61%. A further 39% reduction is predicted in the next year.
- Nearshoring strategies expected to be reinforced, driven notably by the adoption of electric- and software-defined vehicles and the evolution of regulatory and government policies.
- While sustainability and the circular economy are key components of the supply chains of the future, less than half of organisations have deployed initiatives in the past 12 months, and only 13% of these are being actively scaled.
Paris, September 4, 2023 – According to the latest report “The automotive supply chain: Pursuing long-term resilience” from the Capgemini Research Institute, automotive organisations now feel more confident to tackle future supply chain disruptions. To achieve this, automakers have been forced to rethink, restructure, and refinance their supply chain management. While issues have been stabilised in the short-term, supply chains are still transforming due to their complexity and evolving factors: the acceleration of electric vehicle (EV) production, the new regulatory and government policies, and the adoption of more software-based features like ADAS (Advanced Driver Assistance Systems), increasing the demand for semiconductors.
A global re-orchestration is underway as procurement from offshore locations fell by 22% in the past two years. Europe leads this trend having reduced offshore procurement by a quarter since 2021. This is followed by APAC and the US who have reduced offshore sourcing by 20% and 18% respectively.
The report finds that automotive organisations expect procurement from offshoring locations to reduce by a further 19% by 2025, as electric vehicle production surges and the fabrication of key electronics components relocates.
Sustainability efforts are faltering in the automotive supply chain
Successive supply chain crises have sapped automakers’ time and diverted focus and investment away from sustainability initiatives. Consequently, sustainability is not currently considered a priority for many of them, with only 37% of respondents stating that issues such as carbon footprint management and environmental risk influence supply chain decision-making. Investment across the industry reflects this trend and while OEMs’ total investment in supply chain sustainability is on par with last year, suppliers’ annual investment has significantly reduced by 17%.
While sustainability and circularity are key components for building a more resilient supply chain and to future-proof operations, the scaling of circular-economy initiatives has been delayed due to a shortage of suppliers of recycled materials (and of the materials themselves).
Automotive organisations need to balance sustainability and circular economy with factors like cost and affordability. According to the report, digital solutions can help address this delicate balance between these various competing factors.
The creation of new supply chains for semiconductors and electric vehicles will accelerate nearshoring
Driven by a surge in efforts to deliver software-based features and services, the average proportion of vehicle value attributed to semiconductors and sensors increased by 51% over the last two years. This is expected to increase by a further 46% between 2023 and 2025.
However, only half of OEMs consider the current supply of semiconductor components as secure. Of those surveyed, 70% said the majority of supply is currently being obtained from China, Taiwan, Japan, and Korea. In a bid to achieve a greater level of supply-security OEMs are investing in alternative supply methods and moving away from tier-1 and -2 suppliers. Similarly, OEMs have secured only three years of EV battery raw materials on average.
Inventory building has stabilised but is not a feasible strategy in the long-term
According to the report, half of OEMs feel confident that they would be able to avoid 60% of the revenue loss they incurred in 2022 if the same scenarios – including the semiconductor shortage – happened again today.
To address operational and logistic issues, both suppliers and OEMs have adopted strategies based on adding operational investment and working capital. This is led by the building of inventories, which 81% of suppliers and 44% of OEMs have implemented. However, it’s clear that this is unsustainable in the long-term as holding excessive inventory risks a variety of negative effects on the operational and financial wellbeing of automotive organisations.
A lack of a data-driven intelligent supply chains impedes the automotive industry’s goal for long-term resilience.
Visibility and transparency are key to create a more trustworthy supplier ecosystem – just over half (53%) of respondents have a mature intelligent supply chain in place to enable data-driven decision making, allowing for the integration of newer technologies such as AI and data analytics. With growing participation in standardised, open, and trusted data ecosystems that include new suppliers for software driven services, automotive organisations can further progress resilience and sustainability ambitions.
Alexandre Audoin, Global Head of Automotive Industry at Capgemini, comments; “Over the past few years, organisations have been forced to restructure and refinance supply chain management on the fly in order to navigate multiple disruptions from all fronts. While in a more positive place today, automakers need to look at delivering a long-term, intelligent, and data-driven strategy that will build resilience and competitive advantage. More so, this needs to incorporate circularity as an essential component, not only to help organisations navigate regulatory changes, but to embed new players in the supply chain ecosystem and also achieve ambitious climate-targets.”
For more information or to download the report, visit: link to report.
The Capgemini Research Institute surveyed 1,004 senior executives from leading global automotive organisations from across 10 different countries, during June and July in 2023. These organisations are comprised of 449 automotive OEMs with more than $1 billion in annual revenue and automotive suppliers from across 10 countries with annual revenue above $500 million. The respondents were at Director level or above, responsible for automotive organisation’s supply chain strategy, sustainability, initiatives, governance, investments, and any benefits and outcomes from those. In addition, 24 in-depth interviews were also conducted with senior industry executives and experts from OEMs and suppliers to understand the current state of supply chain management in the automotive industry and to provide insights into strategies that can be applied to establish a resilient, connected, intelligent and sustainable supply chain.
 Nearshoring: the outsourcing of business processes to companies in a nearby country.
 An advanced driver-assistance system (ADAS) includes technologies that assist drivers with the safe operation of a vehicle. Through a human-machine interface, ADAS increases car and road safety. ADAS uses automated technology, such as sensors and cameras, to detect nearby obstacles or driver errors, and respond accordingly.
 Offshoring: the relocation of a business process from one country to another—typically an operational process, such as manufacturing.
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